Exploding Head Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

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Have you ever experienced a loud noise in your head just as you’re dosing off to sleep? Or maybe a sudden jolt that seems like an explosion inside your head? You may be experiencing a condition called exploding head syndrome. EHS is not as rare as you may think. However, it is still not well understood and often goes misdiagnosed. This blog post aims to provide you with a comprehensive overview of EHS, its causes, symptoms, and treatments.

Exploding Head Syndrome is a sleep disorder that is marked by loud, sudden, and often frightening noises or sensations that occur as a person is falling asleep or waking up. These sounds and sensations are not caused by any external stimuli, but rather by a disturbance in the brain’s auditory process. These noises can range from a loud explosion or a gunshot to a sudden scream or a clang. It may be accompanied by a flash of light or a sensation of falling. All of these symptoms can be terrifying and cause people to dread going to bed.

The exact cause of EHS is still unknown. However, it is believed to be associated with a misfiring of the neurons in the brain involved in controlling the sleep-wake cycle. Various triggers can cause the neurons to misfire, such as stress or anxiety, medication changes, and sleep deprivation. EHS has also been linked to a malfunctioning of a section of the brain responsible for processing sound.

EHS may resemble other sleep disorders or neurological conditions, such as migraines or seizures. This makes it easy for doctors to misdiagnose the condition. The easiest way to diagnose EHS is to rule out any other underlying conditions. This can be achieved through a sleep test, electroencephalogram (EEG), and computed tomography (CT) scan. These tests can help rule out any other underlying disorders.

There is no cure for EHS, but there are several ways to manage and reduce the symptoms. Some people find that practicing good sleep hygiene or relaxation techniques like meditation and muscle relaxation can help reduce the frequency and intensity of EHS episodes. Medications like clonazepam, an anti-anxiety medication, have also been known to alleviate EHS symptoms.

Just like many other sleep disorders, EHS is not widely known in the medical community. Therefore, it is important for patients to be their advocates by informing their doctors of the symptoms they are experiencing and requesting the appropriate tests to rule out any possible underlying conditions.


Exploding Head Syndrome is a sleep disorder that can be both scary and confusing to those who experience it. As researchers work to understand its causes and develop a cure, patients must remain vigilant by informing their doctors of their symptoms through tests and seeking help to manage the symptoms. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution for EHS, patients can find some relief through relaxation techniques and medication. Hopefully, this blog post has provided you with a better understanding of what EHS is, its symptoms, and what can be done to manage it. It is important to remember that while experiencing EHS can be unpleasant, it is not life-threatening, and through proper management, people can achieve a good quality of life.